Health Safety Standard Precautions and Practices

Health Safety Standard Precautions for Businesses

Health Safety Standard Precautions and Practices

Standard measures are a pair of disease control techniques used to reduce transmission of diseases which may be acquired by means of blood, body fluids, non-intact skin (including rashes), and mucous membranes. These measures must be used when providing care to all individuals, whether they appear infectious or symptomatic.

Hand Hygiene

Hand hygiene describes both washings with plain or anti-bacterial soap and water and to using alcohol gel into decontaminating hands. When hands are not visibly soiled, alcohol gel would be your preferred system of hand hygiene after supplying health care to customers.

Hand hygiene ought to be performed prior to and after contact with a customer, promptly after touching blood, body fluids, non-intact skin, mucous membranes, or contaminated items (even if gloves have been worn through contact), promptly after removing gloves, when moving from infected body sites to clean body sites during client care, after touching items and medical equipment from the instant client-care area, before eating, after using the restroom, and after coughing or coughing into a tissue as part of respiratory hygiene.

Personal Protective Equipment (PPE)

PPE includes items such as gloves, gowns, masks, respirators, and eyewear used to make obstacles that protect skin, clothing, mucous membranes, and the respiratory tract from infectious agents. PPE is used as a last resort when engineering controls and work practices alone cannot eliminate worker exposure. The items are based on the sort of interaction a public health employee will have with a customer and the probable modes of disease transmission.

Wear gloves when touching blood, body fluids, non-intact skin, mucous membranes, and contaminated items. Gloves must always be worn through activities such as performing phlebotomies involving cardiovascular disease.

Wear a surgical mask and goggles or face shield if there's a fair probability that a splash or spray of the blood or body fluids may occur to your eyes, mouth, or nose.

Wear a gown if skin or clothing is likely to be exposed to blood or body fluids.
Remove PPE immediately after use and wash hands. It is crucial to eliminate PPE in the sequence to prevent contamination of skin or clothes.

If PPE or other disposable items are saturated in blood or body fluids such that fluid could be poured, squeezed, or dripped in the item, discard to a biohazard bag. PPE which is not saturated may be put directly in the garbage. Saturated waste should be placed in sealable leak-proof plastic bags before placing in trash bags for disposal.

Needlestick and Sharps Injury Prevention

Safe management of needles and other sharp devices are elements of standard precautions that are used to reduce healthcare worker exposure to bloodborne pathogens.

The safety devices on tools and other sharp objects should be activated immediately after use.

Used needles must be discarded immediately after use rather than recapped, bent, cut, then removed in the syringe or tube holder, or otherwise manipulated.

Any utilized needles, lancets, or other contaminated sharps should be placed in a leak-proof, puncture-resistant sharps container that's either red in color or labeled with a biohazard label.

Do not overfill sharps containers. Discard after 2/3 full or if contents are at the"full" line indicated on the containers.

Used sharps containers could be obtained to a collection facility like a drugstore, hospital, or clinic that provides this support.

Cleaning and Disinfection

Client care areas, shared waiting areas, and other areas where clients may have possibly contaminated surfaces or items which are often touched by staff and clients (doorknobs, sinks, bathrooms and other surfaces and things in near proximity to customers ) ought to be cleaned regularly using EPA registered disinfectants, following the manufacturers' instructions for quantity, dilution, and get time.

Housekeeping surfaces including walls and floors don't need to be disinfected unless visibly soiled with blood or body fluids. They may be cleaned with even a product or a detergent only.

Most disinfectants are not effective in the presence of dirt and organic matter, therefore cleaning should occur first before disinfection. Wet a cloth with the disinfectant, wipe dirt and organic material out with a clean cloth use the disinfectant and then let it air dry.

Some pathogens such as norovirus and Clostridium difficile aren't inactivated by commercial disinfectants routinely utilized in local public health preferences. In situations where contamination using these pathogens is supposed, a bleach solution (1:10) is advised for disinfecting contaminated surfaces and items.

Some patient care items could be damaged or ruined by certain disinfectants. Before implementing disinfectants, consult with the manufacturer of these items.

Respiratory Hygiene (Cough Etiquette)

Clients in waiting rooms or other common places can spread infections to other people in the exact identical area or to local public health agency staff. Measures to avoid spread of respiratory secretions must be encouraged to help avoid illness transmission.

Components of respiratory hygiene and cough etiquette include:

  • Covering the nose/mouth with a tissue when sneezing or coughing or using the crook of their elbow to include respiratory droplets.
  • Using cells to contain respiratory secretions and discarding in the nearest waste receptacle after use.
  • Performing hand hygiene (hand washing non-antimicrobial soap and water, alcohol-based hand rub, or antiseptic handwash) immediately following contact with respiratory secretions and contaminated objects/materials.
  • Asking clients with signs and symptoms of the respiratory disease to wear a surgical mask while waiting common places or placing them immediately in evaluation rooms or places away from others. Provide tissues and no-touch receptacles for used tissue disposal.
  • Spacing seats in waiting areas at least three feet apart to reduce close contact among persons in those areas.
  • Supplies such as tissues, wastebaskets, alcohol gel and surgical masks must be offered in waiting and other common areas in local public health agencies.

Waste Disposal

Sharp items should be disposed of in containers that are puncture resistant, leak-proof, closable, and labeled with the biohazard symbol or are crimson in color. Sharps containers must be replaced when stuffed with the signaled"full" line. Items generated by local public health agencies which need to be discarded into sharps containers comprise contaminated items which can easily cause cuts or punctures in the skin (used needles, lancets, broken glass or rigid plastic vials) and fresh needles and lancets which are being discarded. Blood collection tube holders or syringes must also be discarded still connected to the needles.

Non-sharp disposable things saturated in blood or body fluids (i.e., fluid could be poured or discharged from the merchandise or fluid is flaking or dangling in the thing ) should be discarded into biohazard bags which are puncture-resistant, leak-proof, and labeled with a biohazard symbol or crimson in color. Items may contain PPE and disposable rags or fabrics

A local public health service that collects infectious waste must keep a log of waste that's transported from the agency, whatever the quantity or the way it is transported.

The log should contain the following information: date of refuge, location to which waste is hauled, the title of individual transporting the waste, along with the quantity and variety of waste hauled (e.g., three sharps containers, or five biohazard bags).

Care must be taken also to clean and disinfect, and also to contain the waste during transportation, keep waste from clean items in the transportation vehicle areas of the vehicle containing waste before hauling clean things and substances.

Safe Injection Practices

Outbreaks of hepatitis B and hepatitis C infections in US ambulatory care centers have prompted the need to re-emphasize safe injection practices.

Safe Injection Practices which include:

  • Use of a brand new needle and syringe every time a drug vial or IV bag is accessed
  • Utilization of a new needle and syringe with every injection of a client
  • Using drug vials for a single customer only, when possible
  • Safe grading practices package
  • Safe disease methods coalition logo (link is external)
  • Frequently asked questions - Safe injection practices
  • Injection security presentation
  • Injection security site survey

These steps are to be utilized when providing care to all individuals, whether they seem infectious or symptomatic.


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